China Gold Demand Drops in First Quarter on Fewer Bar Sales

May 20, 2014 2:42 am ET

(Adds World Gold Council comment in fourth paragraph.)

May 20 (Bloomberg) -- China’s gold demand fell 18 percent in the first quarter as investors in the world’s biggest user bought fewer bars and coins, offsetting record interest in jewelry, the World Gold Council said.

Purchases declined to 263.2 metric tons in the three months through March from a year earlier, the London-based council said in a report today. While jewelry consumption rose 10 percent, demand for bars and coins sank 55 percent, accounting for about 40 percent of the global decrease.

Lower demand from China, which surpassed India as the largest gold consumer last year, may weigh on the precious metal that has increased 7.4 percent this year, partly on haven demand amid tension in Ukraine. As holdings in bullion-backed exchange- traded funds contract to the least since 2009, Goldman Sachs Group Inc. expects prices to extend declines after a 28 percent drop in 2013, the most in three decades.

“During the first quarter, people were taking a wait-and- see attitude as last year they bought quite a lot, and they need time to digest,” Albert Cheng, the council’s Far East managing director, said at a briefing in Singapore today. “Having some gold is still a preferred option in China.”

Gold for immediate delivery traded at $1,290.58 an ounce at 2:40 p.m. in Hong Kong from $1,292.97 yesterday, according to Bloomberg generic pricing. Bullion rose 6.9 percent in the quarter through March, while prices on the Shanghai Gold Exchange climbed 8.8 percent.

Jewelry Demand

China’s demand for bars and coins dropped to 60 tons in the first quarter from 134.6 tons from a year earlier, while jewelry consumption climbed to 203.2 tons from 185.2 tons, according to the producer-funded council.

“The seasonal impact of Chinese New Year being closely followed by Valentine’s Day, and the strong gold buying and gifting traditions associated with those two occasions drove jewelry consumption to a record first quarter volume,” the council said in the report.

Total Chinese consumption rose 32 percent to a record 1,065.8 tons last year, making up about 28 percent of global usage, according to the council. The nation’s jewelry purchases of almost 669 tons in 2013 accounted for 30 percent of the global total, it estimates.

The council said last month that its long-term demand outlook remained intact as China’s consumption was expected to expand to at least 1,350 tons by 2017 amid rising wealth.

In Japan, demand jumped fivefold in the first quarter to 8.2 tons as investors stepped up purchases before the nation’s consumption tax increased in April, the council said.

--With assistance from Chanyaporn Chanjaroen in Singapore.